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c. 1445 – May 17, 1510. Italian painter.

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CRANACH, Lucas the Elder
The Three Graces dg

ID: 06233

CRANACH, Lucas the Elder The Three Graces dg
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CRANACH, Lucas the Elder The Three Graces dg


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CRANACH, Lucas the Elder

German painter (b. 1472, Kronach, d. 1553, Weimar). German painter and engraver. The son of a painter, he settled in Wittenberg c.1504 and was court painter successively under three electors of Saxony. There he maintained a flourishing workshop and was twice burgomaster. Cranach was a close friend of Martin Luther, whose doctrine he upheld in numerous paintings and woodcuts, and he has been called the painter of the Reformation. He was a rapid and prolific painter, and the work turned out by his studio is uneven in quality. Naïve and fanciful, often awkward in draftsmanship, it has, nonetheless, freshness and originality and a warm, rich palette. His portraits are particularly successful. Among his best-known works are Repose in Egypt (Gemäldgalerie, Staatliche Mus., Berlin-Dahlem); Judgment of Paris (Staatliche Kunsthalle, Karlsruhe); Adam and Eve (Courtauld Inst., London); and Crucifixion (Weimar). The latter contains figures of Luther and Cranach. His many famous protraits include those of Elector John Frederick and Self-Portrait (Uffizi). Cranach was also an accomplished miniaturist. He produced a few copperplates and designs for woodcuts. His son and pupil Lucas Cranach, the Younger, 1515C86,   Related Paintings of CRANACH, Lucas the Elder :. | Adam and Eve fh | Portrait of Dr. Johannes Cuspinian (detail) df | Young Mother with Child dfhd | Portraits of Henry the Pious, Duke of Saxony and his wife Katharina von Mecklenburg dfg | Salome with the Head of St John the Baptist dfgj |
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Honore Daumier
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